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A Couple having regular sex, without adopting any contraceptive methods regularly for a period of 1 year and does not conceive is interpreted as infertile.

Infertility Factors

Male Factors - 40%

Female Factors - 40%

Common Factors - 10%

Unknown Factors - 10%

 
 

Reasons For Female Infertility

  •   PCOS

  •   Tubal Blockage

  •   Ovulation Disorders

  •   Obesity

  •   Endometrial Factors

  •   Abnormal Cervical Mucus

  •   Drug Addiction

  •   Fibroid

  •   Uterine anomalies

  •   Thyroid

  •   Hormone Imbalance

  •   Adhesions

  •   Absent or under developed Uterus

  •   Stress

  •   Sexually Transmitted Disease

  •   Alcohol

  •   Smoking etc.

  •   Infection

  •   AIDS

 
 

Tests Carried out for Women to diagnose Infertility

  •   Blood Tests to analyze hormonal level

  •   Genetic Test

  •   Chlamydia Test

  •   HYSTEROSALPINGOGRAPHY

  •   Ovarian Reserve Test

  •   Thyroid Function Test

  •   Pelvic Ultrasound

  •   LAPAROSCOPY

  •   Blood Tests to analyze hormonal level

  •   Genetic Test

  •   Chlamydia Test

  •   HYSTEROSALPINGOGRAPHY

  •   Ovarian Reserve Test

  •   Thyroid Function Test

  •   Pelvic Ultrasound

  •   LAPAROSCOPY

 
 

Treatments

  •   Fertility Improvement Drugs

  •   Intra Uterine Insemination (IUI)

  •   Intra Cytoplasmic Sperm Injection (ICSI)

  •   Assisted Hatching

  •   Cryo Preservation

  •   Pre Implantation Genetic Screening (PGS)

  •   Assisted Hatching / Laser Hatching

  •   EmbryoscopeEmbryoglueEndometrial

  •   Stem Cell Therapy

  •   Surgical Procedures ( Fertility Enhancement Surgeries)

  •   In-Vitro Fertilization (IVF)

  •   Donor Programme

  •   Surrogacy

  •   Pre Implantation Genetic Diagnosis (PGD)

  •   Blastocyst

  •   Embryoscope

  •   Endometrial Receptivity Array

  •   Endocrinology

 
 

Male Infertility

  •   Low Sperm Count (Azoosspermia, Oligospermia)

  •   Abnormal Sperm (Teratozoospermia)

  •   Low Sperm Motility (Azthenozoospermia)

 
 

Reasons for Male Infertility

  •   Genetic Factors

  •   Mumps during Puberty

  •   Cystic fibrosis

  •   Overheated Testicles

  •   Radiation Therapy

  •   Anemia

  •   Smoking

  •   Ejaculation Disorders

  •   Mental Stress

  •   Overweight

  •   Erectile Dysfunction

  •   Blockage of Ejaculatory Duct

  •   Hormonal Imbalance

  •   Hypospadias

  •   Testicular Infection

  •   Varicocele

  •   Chemotherapy

  •   Diabetes

  •   Alcohol Addiction

  •   Obesity

  •   Age

  •   Excessive use of Steroids

 
 

Tests Carried out for Men to Diagnose Infertility

  •   Blood Tests to analyze Hormonal Level

  •   Ultrasound for finding out ejaculatory duct blockage

  •   DNA Fragmentation Analysis (DFA)

  •   Semen Analysis

  •   Chlamydia test

 
 

Treatments

  •   Hormonal medicines

  •   Food Habbits

  •   Testicular mapping for Azoospermia

  •    TESA / PESA / MESA

  •   Lifestyle Improvement

  •   Surgery

  •   IVF/ICSI/IMSI/PICSI

 
 

Intrauterine Insemination

Intra Uterine Insemination is inseminating the uterus with thin catheter , after washing the semen in the laboratory . The advantages of IUI is it maximizes entry of sperm quantity inside the fallopian tube

IUI is recommended in following occasions

  •   In case of unexplained Infertility

  •   FoIn case of Cervical scar due to previous surgery that hinders the sperm movement.

  •   In case of cervical abnormalities that includes cervical mucus

  •   Ejaculation dysfunction

  •   Lifestyle Improvement

  •   Surgery

  •   IVF/ICSI/IMSI/PICSI

 
 

However IUI is not useful where the

  •   Women whose fallopian tube is severely affected

  •   Women with moderate to severe endometriosis

  •   Women who has history of severe pelvic inflammation

  •   The success rate is 15 % to 20 % only

 
 

Occasions When IVF Treatment Recommended

  •   Damaged Fallopian Tube

  •   Severe male factor where there is low Sperm Count or Motility ICSI is recommended

  •   Endometrial factors which is not responding to IUI

  •   Unexplained infertility where other modalities does not succeed

 
 

Balanced Diet suggested for IVF Patients

  •   Plenty of fruit and Vegetables

  •   Organic Food

  •   Fish & Eggs

  •   Complex Carbohydrates – whole grains like brown rice, oats and wholemeal bread

  •   More fibrous food

  •   High Protein

 
 

STEP BY STEP OF IVF TREATMENT
Total Approximately – 5 to 6 Weeks



Stage 1
Egg Retrival



Stage 2
Sperm Collection



Stage 3
IVF / ICSI / IMSI / PICSI - Fertilization



Stage 4
Embryo Culture Embryo Transfer



Stage 5
Beta hCG Tests



Stage 6
Visit to IVF Clinic 1st Day of the menstrual periods




Stage 7
Stimulating Ovaries From Day 2

 
 

Foods to be avoided

  •   Refined Carbohydrates

  •   Fast Food ( Saturated Fat)

  •   Sea Food

  •   Preserved Food & Additives

  •   Coffee/ Tea

  •    Refined Sugar

  •   Cheese

  •   Raw Eggs

  •   Direct Sugar or Food rich in Sugar

  •   Alcohol

 
 

Minerals & Vitamins highly Essential

  •   Vitamin - A(Betacarotene) found mostly in Carrots, Tomatoes, Cabbage, Pumpkin, Egg, Parsley & broccoli for Embryo Development

  •   Vitamin - B6(Betacarotene) found mostly in Carrots, Tomatoes, Cabbage, Pumpkin, Egg, Parsley & broccoli for Embryo Development

  •   Vitamin - B12(Betacarotene) found mostly in Carrots, Tomatoes, Cabbage, Pumpkin, Egg, Parsley & broccoli for Embryo Development

  •   Vitamin - B1,2 & 5(Betacarotene) found mostly in Carrots, Tomatoes, Cabbage, Pumpkin, Egg, Parsley & broccoli for Embryo Development

  •   Folic Acid(Betacarotene) found mostly in Carrots, Tomatoes, Cabbage, Pumpkin, Egg, Parsley & broccoli for Embryo Development

  •   Vitamin - C(Betacarotene) found mostly in Carrots, Tomatoes, Cabbage, Pumpkin, Egg, Parsley & broccoli for Embryo Development

  •   Vitamin - E(Betacarotene) found mostly in Carrots, Tomatoes, Cabbage, Pumpkin, Egg, Parsley & broccoli for Embryo Development

  •   Calcium(Betacarotene) found mostly in Carrots, Tomatoes, Cabbage, Pumpkin, Egg, Parsley & broccoli for Embryo Development

  •   Zinc(Betacarotene) found mostly in Carrots, Tomatoes, Cabbage, Pumpkin, Egg, Parsley & broccoli for Embryo Development

  •   Magnesium (Betacarotene) found mostly in Carrots, Tomatoes, Cabbage, Pumpkin, Egg, Parsley & broccoli for Embryo Development

  •   Selenium(Betacarotene) found mostly in Carrots, Tomatoes, Cabbage, Pumpkin, Egg, Parsley & broccoli for Embryo Development